Journal Club: Erosion rates in response to tectonic and climatic forcing

Meets most Tuesdays, at 2 PM in Buwalda (151 Arms)

May 21, 2013

Session 1) Sedimentation and erosion rates on different time scales

Required Reading:

  • Sadler 1999- GeoResearch Forum Vol. 5- The Influence of Hiatuses on Sediment Accumulation Rates (PDF)
  • Schumer, R., Jerolmack, D.J., 2009. Real and apparent changes in sediment deposition rates through time. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 114, F00A06 (PDF)

Supplemental Reading:

  • Summerfield & Hulton (1994), Natural control on fluvial denudation rates in major world drainage basins, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 13871-13883 (PDF)

Jun 11

Session 2) Climate influences erosion: Chicken or egg kick-off

Required Reading:

  • Molnar, P. (2004), Late cenozoic increase in accumulation rates of terrestrial sediment: How might climate change have affected erosion rates?, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 32, 67-89 (PDF)

Supplemental Reading:

  • Pinet, P., and M. Souriau (1988), Continental erosion and large scale relief, Tectonics, 7, 563-582 (PDF)
  • Molnar & England, 1990, Nature: Late Cenozoic uplift of mountain ranges and global climate change: chicken or egg? (PDF)
  • Peizhen, Z., P. Molnar, and W. R. Downs (2001), Increased sedimentation rates and grain sizes 2-4 Myr ago due to the influence of climate change on erosion rates., Nature, 410, 891-897 (PDF)

Jun 18

Session 3) We see it everywhere

Required Reading:

  • Zeitler, P., A. Meltzner, P. Koons, D. Craw, B. Hallet, C. P. Chamberlain, W. Kidd, S. K. Park, L. Seeber, M. Bishop, and H. Shroder (2001), Erosion, Himalayan Geodynamics, and the Geomorphology of Metamorphism, GSA Today, 4-9 (PDF)

Supplemental Reading:

  • Koons, P. O., P. K. Zeitler, C. P. Chamberlain, D. Craw, and A. S. Meltzer (2002), Mechanical links between erosion and metamorphism in Nanga Parbat, Pakistan Himalaya, American Journal of Science, 302(9), 749-773 (PDF)
  • Avouac, J. P., and E. B. Burov (1996), Erosion as a driving mechanism of intracontinental mountain growth, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 101(B8), 17747-17769 (PDF)
  • Champagnac, J.D., Molnar, P., Anderson, R.S., Sue, C., Delacou, B., 2007. Quaternary erosion-induced isostatic rebound in the western Alps. Geology 35, 195-198 (PDF)

Jul 2

Session 4) Response of the orogens

Required Reading:

  • Whipple, K.X., 2009. The influence of climate on the tectonic evolution of mountain belts. Nat Geosci 2, 97-104 (PDF) (Supplement PDF)
  • Metivier, F., and Y. Gaudemer (1999), Stability of output fluxes of large rivers in South and East Asia during the last 2 million years: implications on floodplain processes, Basin Research, 11(4), 293-303 (PDF)

Supplemental Reading:

  • Whipple, K.X., Meade, B.J., 2006. Orogen response to changes in climatic and tectonic forcing. Earth Planet Sc Lett 243, 218-228 (PDF)
  • Willett, S.D., 1999. Orogeny and orography: The effects of erosion on the structure of mountain belts. Journal of Geophysical Research 104, 28957-28981 (PDF)
  • Roe, G.H., Stolar, D.B., Willett, S.D., 2006. Response of a steady-state critical wedge orogen to changes in climate and tectonic forcing. Geol S Am S 398, 227-239 (PDF)
  • Vernant, P., F. Hivert, J. Chéry, P. Steer, R. Cattin, and A. Rigo, 2013. Erosion-induced isostatic rebound triggers extension in low convergent mountain ranges. Geology, G33942.1 (PDF)

Jul 9

Session 5) Were we wrong for 20 years?

Required Reading:

  • Willenbring, J.K., von Blanckenburg, F., 2010. Long-term stability of global erosion rates and weathering during late-Cenozoic cooling. Nature 465, 211-214 (PDF) (Supplement PDF)
  • Willenbring, J.K., Codilean, A.T., McElroy, B., 2013. Earth is (mostly) flat: Apportionment of the flux of continental sediment over millennial time scales. Geology (PDF)

Supplemental Reading

  • Champagnac, J.-D., Molnar, P., Sue, C., Herman, F., (2012), Tectonics, climate, and mountain topography. Journal of Geophysical Research 117, B02403 (PDF)
  • Granet, M., F. Chabaux, P. Stille, A. Dosseto, C. France-Lanord, and E. Blaes (2010), U-series disequilibria in suspended river sediments and implication for sediment transfer time in alluvial plains: The case of the Himalayan rivers, Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(10), 2851-2865 (PDF)

Jul 23
2 PM

Session 6) Geochemical constraints

NOTE: Time changed to 2 PM

Required Reading:

  • Gaojun Li and Henry Elderfield (2013), Evolution of carbon cycle over the past 100 million years, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 103 (2013) 11–25 (PDF)

Supplemental Reading

  • Frank M. Richter, David B. Rowley, and Donald J. DePaolo (1992), Sr isotope evolution of seawater: the role of tectonics, Earth and Planetary' Science Letters, 109 (1992) 11-23 (PDF)

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