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Preliminary Result
06/10/08 (Mw 7.6) , Kashmir Earthquake

A. Ozgun Konca, Caltech

DATA Process and Inversion

We used the GSN broadband data downloaded from the IRIS DMC. We analyzed 14 teleseismic P waveforms selected based upon data quality and azimuthal distribution. Waveforms are first converted to displacement by removing the instrument response and then used to constrain the slip history based on a finite fault inverse algorithm (Ji et al, 2002). We use the epicenter of the USGS (Lon.=73.629 ° Lat.=34.493°). Fault geometry with two fault segments, a 60 km long southern segment striking 320° and a 15 km long northern segment striking 343° was constructed based on the surface break derived from correlating SPOT images taken before and after the earthquake (Avouac et al., 2006). The dip was estimated as 29° from first motion of teleseismic P and S waves. Given the fault geometry as defined from the fault trace at the surface and the best dipping dip angle, this assumption implies a hypocentral depth of 11 km.


The seismic moment release based upon this plane is 2.59x10**27 using the crust2.0 velocity model is 12% less than that of Harvard CMT.

Cross-section of slip distribution

Figure: The big black arrow shows the fault's strike. The colors show the slip amplitude and white arrows indicate the direction of motion of the hanging wall relative to the footwall. Contours show the rupture initiation time and the red star indicates the hypocenter location.

Comparison of data and synthetic seismograms

Figure: The Data are shown in black and the synthetic seismograms are plotted in red. Both data and synthetic seismograms are aligned on the P arrivals. The number at the end of each trace is the peak amplitude of the observation in micro-meter. The number above the beginning of each trace is the source azimuth and below it is the epicentral distance.

Figure: Surface projection of the slip distribution. The surface break obtained from geodesy is shown with black line. The measured surface offsets (black) and predictions of these offsets from seismic inversiona(red) are also shown.


The SH waveforms were too broad to be used in the inversion. However, they were used to constrain the dip angle.


(Slip Distribution)


Ji, C., D.J. Wald, and D.V. Helmberger, Source description of the 1999 Hector Mine, California earthquake; Part I: Wavelet domain inversion theory and resolution analysis, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., Vol 92, No. 4. pp. 1192-1207, 2002.

Bassin, C., Laske, G. and Masters, G., The Current Limits of Resolution for Surface Wave Tomography in North America, EOS Trans AGU, 81, F897, 2000.

Avouac, J. P., F. Ayoub, S. Leprince, A. O. Konca, and D. V. Helmberger, The 2005, Mw 7.6 Kashmir earthquake: sub-pixel correlation of ASTER images and seismic waveforms analysis, Earth And Planetary Science Letters, 2006.

GCMT project:

USGS National Earthquake Information Center:

Global Seismographic Network (GSN) is a cooperative scientific facility operated jointly by the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS), the United States Geological Survey (USGS), and the National Science Foundation (NSF).

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